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Bloodhound Breed Other Names: Saint Hubert Hound, Chien du Saint Hubert Family: scenthound Area of Origin: Belgium, England Date of Origin: Middle Ages Original Function: trailing Today's Function: trailing humans, search and rescue Average Size of Male: Height: 63-69 cm, Weight: 41 - 54 kg Average Size of Female: Height: 58-63 cm, Weight: 36 - 48 kg Size Category- Giant Dog Group Kennel Club- Hound Breed Classification The Bloodhound belongs to the hound group and is the largest and most powerful of them all. They are used in tracking, as companions and seen in the show-ring. History of the Bloodhound Breed While it is difficult to prove the exact time of origin of this breed, it is often thought the bloodhound was found in Mediterranean regions years before the Christian era. In Historia Animalium by Claudius Aelianus of the 3rd century A.D., a dog known for his scenting abilities was described and noted for its determination to stay with the trail until the end. Other sources suggest that the bloodhound was found in Europe many years before the Crusades and that the first examples of the breed were brought there from Constantinople. The ancestry of the modern Bloodhound can be traced back to the monastery of St Huberts. These dogs were called 'Segusius' and were originally used to track wolves, big cats or deer, or to follow the trail of wounded game. It is believed that there were two varieties of the bloodhound: in the 8th century a black variety, called the St. Huberts, and later a white variety that was known as the Southern Hound. Other investigations suggest that the black version was also called the Flemish Hound, and the white version was called the Talbot Hound. The black dogs were the ones that were imported into England, and history suggests that William the Conqueror brought the bloodhound to England. When the Normans conquered England in 1066AD they introduced many of their dogs and the St Hubert Hound was one of those brought to England and became known as Bloodhounds; or to be more precise, the black and tan dogs were, the whites were called Talbot Hounds. In 12th century England, the elite further developed the breed for pack hunting, and some suggest that the name bloodhound is derived from the term "blooded hounds" - which refers to the noble breeding and pure blood of the breed. It is said that churches and monasteries of this time kept their own packs of bloodhounds. The modern Bloodhound is not the identical dog of that time but is still called the Chien du St Hubert in Belgium. But it is said that the bloodhound breed was developed for use even more fully in America. This breed has been in the United States for over 100 years, and its accuracy in trailing is so impressive that evidence trailed by this breed is admissible in the court of law. The first Bloodhound seen in the show-ring in England was in 1871. The bloodhound was first registered by the AKC in 1885. Size and Appearance of the Bloodhound Breed The front legs of the bloodhound are quite straight and consist of considerable bone, while the back legs feature muscular thighs. Both front and back feet are very strong. The deeply sunk-in eyes of this breed are usually deep hazel or yellow in color, and they offer a dignified, wise expression. Thin and soft, the ears are very long and fall in graceful folds. The teeth of this breed meet in either a scissors or level bite, and the nose has large, open nostrils. A wrinkle of loose skin is normally found on the forehead. A long neck tapers nicely into muscular shoulders. The gait of this breed is best described as free and swinging. The smooth, short coat comes in several colors including: black and tan, liver and tan, and red. Sometimes the darker portions of the coat are peppered with lighter hair. The skull is long and narrow with a very pronounced occiput and an abundance of loose skin especially over the forehead and sides of the face. The eyes should be medium-sized and dark brown or hazel in colour. The ears should be thin and soft to the touch, very long and falling in gracefold folds. The jaws should be strong with a complete scissor bite. The neck is long adjoining muscular and well-sloped shoulders. The forelegs should be large, straight with round bone. The thighs and second thighs should be very muscular. The back and loins should be strong. The feet should be well-knuckled up and strong. When moving the tail should be carried high. The preferred colours for the show ring are black and tan, liver and tan or red. A limited amount of white is allowed on the chest, feet and the tip of the tail. General Physical Description Easily recognisable because of their noble, wrinkly heads, droopy lower eyelids and long pendulous ears, Bloodhounds have powerful bodies and limbs which make them truly big dogs! They have short, smooth coats and move with free, elastic strides. Their voices are full, musical and sonorous. Bloodhound Temperament Calm, gentle, and placid at home, the bloodhound is nonetheless a tracker at heart. While it can be stubborn and independent, it is a gentle dog that loves children. It is said that some may be timid. This breed is quite devoted with its family, and it will usually get along well with other people, even though it may be reserved with strangers. At times, the bloodhound can be aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex, but it usually does well with other pets within the family. This breed has a tendency to howl, and some may bark to let you know if strangers are around. The bloodhound will also snore and drool. Firm, gentle, and consistent training is recommended, and the bloodhound owner should have plenty of patience in this regard. This breed is considerably independent and can be quite willful. Determination is a strong attribute in the bloodhound - it has been known to follow a trail for over 100 miles - therefore, this dog should never be kept in yard without a fence. These are gentle-natured, affectionate dogs who usually get on well with children and can live in harmony with other dogs and household pets. They are friendly and tenacious dogs who will welcome both wanted and unwanted visitors. Despite their size, they are not good guard dogs and would never dream of attacking. They have sweet and even temperaments and are the one of the most patient and kindest of dogs in the dogworld. Whilst quiet in the house, they can be very vocal outdoors. They are family dogs and do not like to be left alone. Intelligence To succeed in training this breed, the new owner will need plenty of patience and consistency. Bloodhounds do have minds of their own but can be surprisingly sensitive. They are more profound than quick-witted. There are classes and trials for tracking and participation in this is to be recommended.
Bloodhound Recommended Maintenance The coat of the bloodhound is relatively simple in terms of care. The occasional brushing or wiping of the short coat is really all that is required. A few rub downs each week with a wet towel are suggested. This breed should only be bathed when necessary, but owners should be aware that the bloodhound does have a distinct odor which some people may not appreciate. This dog is considered to be an average shedder. Because this breed has a tendency to drool, it is important to clean the facial wrinkles on a daily basis. The ears should be cleaned regularly as well. Daily exercise is very important to this hunting hound, but exercise should always take place on a leash or in a safe, enclosed area to prevent the dog from picking up a scent and trailing it to the end. While the bloodhound does best in the country, it can live in an apartment dwelling as long as enough exercise is provided. This breed can walk for hours, and it would probably enjoy hiking with its owner. It is important, however, not to overtire this breed before they are full grown. Aliments This breed is relatively free from serious hereditary and congenital conditions, although hip and elbow dysplasia have been reported. The most common problems are eye-related due to the lower eyelids drooping, debris gathering and infections setting in. Owing to their long, pendant ears, infections are also common therein. This breed is also known to suffer from bloat and complications in bone growth. Common Ailments Pet health and vet advice- Medium Cost of Ownership Average Food Cost- 100-120 euro Feeding Requirements These dogs are very large eaters and it will cost around 12 euro per week to feed them. Other Expenses A puppy will cost from 1000 euro upwards. Average Puppy Price >1000 euro Characteristics Energy- High Overall Exercise > 2 hours Distress Caused if Left Alone Personal Protection- Medium Suitability As Guard Dog- Low Risk of Sheep Worrying- High Tendency to Bark- Low Ease of Transportation- Medium Level of Aggression- Low Compatibility With Other Animals- High Suitable For Children- Medium Grooming Coat Length Short/Smooth Grooming Requirement < Once a week Trimming- None Requires Professional Groomer Grooming There is little grooming needed for this breed as the coat is short and smooth. A brush over once in a while will suffice to remove loose and dead hairs. No trimming is ever required. However, regular checks should be made of their ears and eyes to ensure early diagnosis of any infections. Colour Bloodhounds are usually black and tan, liver and tan and plain tan. Shedding- Little Bloodhound Health Life span: 7 - 10 years Major concerns: ectropion, entropion, gastric torsion, otitis externa, skin-fold dermatitis, CHD, elbow dysplasia Minor concerns: none Occasionally seen: none Suggested tests: hip, elbow, eye Suffers From Allergies Average Litter Size - 9
Rasa: Copoiul de Saint-Hubert- Chien de Saint Hubert- Bloodhound Caracteristici: Este un caine masiv, greoi, cu mers incet si impunator, copoi prin excelenta, rabdator, nobil, moderat ca maniere si foarte iubitor. Corpul, puternic construit este musculos, spatele larg si adanc. Capul este unul din punctele caracteristice ale rasei: este bine format, cu craniul inalt si ascutit, cu pielea fruntii si a obrajilor foarte ridata, cu ochii infundati sub arcadele putin proeminente; expresia fetei denota calm si maiestate. Urechile, lungi, proportionale cu marimea capului, atasate jos, atarna in pliuri grele de-a lungul maxilarelor. Coada este purtata intr-o curba eleganta, mai sus de linia spatelui insa nu pe spate. Parul, scurt si destul de aspru pe intreg corpul, este moale si matasos pe cap si pe urechi. Origine: Rasa foarte veche, provenind din Molossul de Tibet, adus in Galia si Anglia de catre legiunile romane, aceast caine avand peste 1000 ani vechime. Mai tarziu, s-a dezvoltat intr-o manastire din Ardeni datorita calugarului Saint Hubert, de la care a primit si numele, devenind foarte apreciat la curtile regale la vanatoarea in haite. S-a raspandit apoi si in Anglia, unde a fost adus de Guillaume, duce de Normandia, odata cu invadarea acesteia in anul 1066. Astazi toati cainii acestei rase au culoarea negru cu aramiu sau roscat, dar in Evul Mediu ei aveau si alte culori simple. Exemplarele de culoare alba, care existau in Europa Medievala erau numite Copoi Talbot . Prin anii 1600, aceasta tulpina s-a stins , desi genele ei continua sa existe in cazul raselor de Boxeri albi sau a Basset-ului tricolor. In intreaga lume rase precum American Coonhound, Swiss Jura Hound, Fila Brasiliero, Copoiul de munte Bavarez si multe altele isi au stramosii in acesti stravechi copoi de urma. Temperament: Este un caine inteligent, serios si activ. Are simt olfactiv deosebit, fapt care il ajuta sa urmareasca urmele de sange ale vanatului ranit, de unde si a doua lui denumire - de "Bloodhound" (blood = sange). Desi are un temperament afabil, nu este foarte usor sa il faci sa se supuna. Este foarte energic afara, vijelios cand este tinar, incapatanat si independent. Au nevoie de o educatie ferma, dar blanda. Un proprietar neinitiat, va trebui sa aiba multa rabdare si mult tact pentru a avea succes in educarea acestor caini. Unele exemplare pot fi timide. Sensibil, gentil si rusinos, un Bloodhound devine devotat stapanului si se intelege foarte bine cu toata lumea. Foarte rar au vicii comportamentale. Masculii pot fi uneori agresivi cu cainii de acelasi sex. Sunt protectori cu domeniul lor, desi pot fi educati sa fie prietenosi chiar si cu strainii. Latra pentru a avertiza cand se apropie cineva strain. Se spune ca acesti caini sunt capabili sa urmareasca un miros vechi de peste 100 ore. Sunt atat de incapatanati incat urmaresc urma pe distante de peste 100 kilometri. Relatiile cu familia si casa: Este foarte bland, afectuos si are un comportament excelent cu copiii. Sunt intr-adevar niste companioni foarte buni, cu un caracter foarte bun. Sunt atat de blajini, incat se vor intinde pe jos si vor lasa copiii sa se catere efectiv peste ei. Aceasta rasa iubeste toata atentia pe care o primeste din partea copiilor. Asigurati-va ca acei copii lasati in compania lui nu il vor chinui prea tare, pentru ca el nu va riposta nicicum, ci va accepta toate rautatile copiilor. Se inteleg bine cu alte animale de casa sau cu alti caini . Uneori au tendinta de a urla foarte sonor. De asemenea, saliveaza foarte mult. De obicei, atunci cand detecteaza o urma interesanta, nu mai asculta de nimic si o urmaresc pana in panzele albe, fiind niste caini foarte tenace, in stare sa urmareasca un miros pe o distanta impresionanta. Se adapteaza bine vietii de apartament, fiind destul de lenesi in interior, dar au nevoie de mult exercitiu fizic. Trebuie sa fie scosi la plimbare sau lasati liberi intr-o curte interioara, pentru asigurarea necesarului de exercitiu fizic zilnic. Au o vigoare si o putere incredibile, fiind capabili sa marsaluiasca ore intregi. Nu trebuie insa obositi c plimbari lungi, extenuante cat sunt pui. Dresajul: Cel mai important aspect al dresajului acestor caini este insistenta si perseverenta, dar si fermitatea. Acesti caini sunt constienti de ceea ce pot obtine cu aspectul si expresia lor de patetism, si vor profita la maxim de acest lucru, pentru a obtine ceea ce vor. Nu va asteptati prea mult la supunere din partea acestei rase. Ei sunt caini de regula foarte blanzi, dar sunt si incapatanati, au propriile lor idei si de cele mai multe ori vor actiona conform propriilor decizii si nu conform ordinelor stapanului. Masculii trec prin perioada pubertatii intre 1 si 2 ani, fiind destul de neplacuti ca fire in acest timp, dar apoi, cu un dresaj corespunzator, stimulativ si perseverent ei devin niste caini excelenti. Aspecte particulare: Sunt caini atat de buni in detectarea urmelor, incat sunt utilizati in intreaga lume pentru gasirea criminalilor sau pentru operatii de salvare . Detectarile dupa urma ale bloodhounzilor sunt recunoscute chiar si in tribunale, ca probe in procese. Astfel, un Bloodhound a decelat vinovatia si a determinat condamnarea a peste 600 de criminali arestati, care au fost si condamnati. Acesti caini nu pot fi tinuti niciodata intr-o curte neimprejmuita, deoarece in momentul in care detecteaza o urma, o vor urmari negresit. De asemenea, 90% dintre ei nu pot fi scosi la plimbare fara lesa. Ei vor fugi si vor urmari orice urma ce la va trezi instinctele de vanatori. Un aspect interesant legat de aceasta rasa este acela ca, faldurile bogate ale pielii capteaza si pastreaza vreme indelungata mirosul pe care animalul trebuie sa il urmareasca, acestea falduri ajutand copoiul sa retina si sa gaseasca urma usor. Utilizare: Excelent caine de vanatoare, este folosit si in politie, lucreaza cu mult zel, fara oboseala. Bloodhound-ul descopera foarte bine urma, de aceea a fost folosit atat la vanatoare, cat si la gasirea criminalilor , sclavilor fugiti sau copiilor pierduti. Astazi aceasta rasa greoaie, cu voce baritonala este atat caine de companie cat si urmaritor si detector de urma. Aspect exterior si dimensiuni: Sunt caini de talie mare. Aspectul si impresia generala pe care o degaja acesti caini este de demnitate, noblete, solemnitate, intelepciune si putere. Capul este larg, proportional cu lungimea sa, desi, in comparatie cu corpul, este lung, ascutindu-se usor de la tample spre extremitatea botului, desi, vazut din fata pare turtit pe laterale. Privit din profil, linia superioara a craniului este aproape in acelasi plan cu linia fruntii. Craniul este lung si larg, cu protuberanta occipitalului foarte evidenta . Fruntea este lunga si adanca. Ochii sunt adanc infundati in orbite, cu pleoapele ce delimiteaza un contur de forma unui diamant, astfel incat pleoapa inferioara este este lasata in jos si rasfranta, lasand sa se vada mucoasa conjunctivala si dand expresia tipica de "mahmureala" a acestei rase. Ca si culoare, ochii se asorteaza in general cu roba, variind de la auriu la galben sau culoarea alunelor. Culoarea alunei este cea preferata, mai ales in cazul exemplarelor cu roba de culoarea ficatului, cu aramiu. Urechile sunt foarte subtiri si catifelate la atingere, foarte lungi, jos prinse, cazute in falduri gratioase, cu partea inferioara curbata inainte sau inapoi. Gura prezinta muscatura in foarfece. Capul este "garnisit" cu o mare cantitate de piele lasata, larga, care in aproape orice pozitie apare abundenta, dar mai ales atunci cand capul este tinut in jos. Pielea apoi cade in falduri largi, pendulante, in special pe frunte si pe laturile fetei. Narile sunt largi si deschise. Buzele, in partea anterioara cad patrat, formand un unghi drept cu linia superioara a fruntii. Gatul este lung, cu umerii musculosi si bine inclinati inapoi. Coastele sunt bine arcuite, pieptul bine descins intre membrele anterioare formand un torace adanc. Membrele anterioare au scheletul drept, larg, cu coatele asezate in echer. Labele picioarelor sunt puternice si bine angulate. Coapsele si gambele sunt foarte musculoase iar jaretul este descins, bine inclinat si angulat in unghi drept. Spatele si salele sunt puternice, musculoase, cu ultima parte usor arcuita. Mersul acestui caine este elastic, plutitor, liber. Coada este purtata sus, dar nu este curbata foarte mult peste spate. Culoarea robei poate fi negru cu aramiu, culoarea ficatului cu aramiu (visiniu), culorile inchise fiind adesea intrepatrunse cu culori mai deschise si uneori impestritate cu alb . O mica pata alba poate fi permisa pe piept, varful cozii si pe labele picioarelor. Boli si afectiuni curente: Aceasta rasa este foarte predispusa la dilatatie si chiar torsiune gastrica, de aceea , este recomandat a fi hraniti cu 2-3 tainuri mici pe zi, in loc de o masa voluminoasa, si a se evita efortul fizic dupa masa. Unele exemplare pot suferi de crampe stomacale. Mai sunt predispusi de asemenea la displazia de sold si la infectiile auriculare si otite, datorita urechilor lungi, cazute, care sunt neaerisite si umede, favorizand dezvoltarea otitelor fungice, bacteriene sau chiar cu levuri. Datorita scheletului masiv si a razelor osoase proeminente, este recomandat sa li se amenajeze un culcus bine captusit, pentru a evita aparitia bataturilor sau a higromelor. Unele exemplare pot face entropion, datorita rasucirii pleoapelor spre interior. Durata medie de viata este de 10-12 ani. Numarul de pui pe cuib este de 8-10 exemplare.
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